Organization Theory: A Libertarian Perspective (2008)

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Organization Theory: A Libertarian Perspective (2008)

by Kevin A. Carson

CONTENTS

Part One: State Capitalist Intervention in the Market

CHAPTER ONE: A CRITICAL SURVEY OF ORTHODOX VIEWS ON ECONOMY OF SCALE

  • Appendix 1A. Economy of Scale in Development Economics

CHAPTER TWO: A SURVEY OF EMPIRICAL LITERATURE ON ECONOMY OF SCALE

  • A. Economies of Firm Size
  • B. Economies of Plant Size
  • C. The Comparative Significance of Scale Economies and Organizational Efficiency
  • D. Increased Distribution Costs
  • E. The Link Between Size and Innovation
  • F. Economy of Scale in Agriculture
  • Conclusion

Chapter Three: State Policies Promoting Centralization and Large Organizational Size

  • I. The Corporate Transformation of Capitalism in the Nineteenth Century
    • A. The Nineteenth Century Corporate Legal Revolution
    • B. Subsidies to Transportation and Communication Infrastructure
    • C. Patents and Copyrights
    • D. Tariffs
  • II. Twentieth Century State Capitalism
    • A. Cartelizing Regulations
    • B. Tax Policy
    • C. The Corporate Liberal Pact with Labor
    • D. The Socialization of Corporate Cost
    • E. State Action to Absorb Surplus Output
    • F. Neoliberal Foreign Policy

Part Two: Systemic Effects of Centralization and Excessive Organizational Size

CHAPTER FOUR: SYSTEMIC EFFECTS OF STATE-INDUCED ECONOMIC CENTRALIZATION AND LARGE ORGANIZATIONAL SIZE

  • A. Radical Monopoly and Its Effects on the Individual
  • B. Systemic Effects on Institutional Culture
  • C. The Large Organization and Conscript Clienteles
  • D. The New Middle Class and the Professional-Managerial Revolution
  • Postscript: Crisis Tendencies
  • Appendix 4A. Journalism as Stenography

Part Three: Internal Effects of Organizational Size Above That Required for Optimum Efficiency

CHAPTER FIVE: KNOWLEDGE AND INFORMATION PROBLEMS IN THE LARGE ORGANIZATION

  • A. The Volume of Data
  • B. The Distortion of Information Flow by Power
  • Conclusion and Segue
  • Appendix 5A. Toilet Paper as Paradigm

CHAPTER SIX: AGENCY AND INCENTIVE PROBLEMS IN THE LARGE ORGANIZATION

  • Summary

CHAPTER SEVEN: ECONOMIC CALCULATION IN THE CORPORATE COMMONWEALTH (THE CORPORATION AS PLANNED ECONOMY)

  • A. The Divorce of Entrepreneurial from Technical Knowledge
  • B. Mises vs. Hayek on Distributed Knowledge
  • C. Rothbard’s Application of Mises’ Calculation Argument to the Private Sector
  • Conclusion

CHAPTER EIGHT: MANAGERIALISM, IRRATIONALITY AND AUTHORITARIANISM IN THE LARGE ORGANIZATION

  • A. The Corporate Form and Managerialism
  • B. Self-Serving Policies for “Cost-Cutting,” “Quality” and “Efficiency”
  • C. The Authoritarian Workplace: Increased Hierarchy and Surveillance
  • D. Authoritarianism: Contract Feudalism
  • E. Authoritarianism: The Hegemony of “Professionalism”
  • F. Motivational Propaganda as a Substitute for Real Incentives
  • Appendix 8A. Blaming Workers for the Results of Mismanagement

CHAPTER NINE: SPECIAL AGENCY PROBLEMS OF LABOR (INTERNAL CRISIS TENDENCIES OF THE LARGE ORGANIZATION)

  • Introduction
  • A. The Special Agency Problems of Labor
  • B. Labor Struggle as Asymmetric Warfare
  • C. The Growing Importance of Human Capital: Peer Production vs. the Corporate Gatekeepers
  • D. Austrian Criticism of the Usefulness of Unions
  • Conclusion
  • Appendix 9A. Sabotage in a London Nightclub: A Case Study
  • Appendix 9B. Yochai Benkler on Open-Mouth Sabotage: Diebold and Sinclair Media as Case Studies in Media Swarming
  • Appendix 9C. DeCSS as an Example of Media Swarming
  • Appendix 9D. Open-Mouth Sabotage, Cont.: Alisher Usmanov as a Case Study in Media Swarming
  • Appendix 9E. Open-Mouth Sabotage, Cont.: Wikileaks as a Case Study in Media Swarming
  • Appendix 9F. Open-Mouth Sabotage, Cont.: Stupid White Men as a Case Study in Media Swarming

CHAPTER TEN: ATTEMPTS AT REFORM FROM WITHIN (MANAGEMENT FADS)

  • A. New Wine in Old Bottles
  • B. Lip Service and Business as Usual
  • C. Management by Stress
  • D. Dumbing Down
  • Conclusion
  • Appendix 10A. The Military Origins of Quality Control

Part Four: Conjectures on Decentralist Free Market Alternative

CHAPTER ELEVEN: THE ABOLITION OF PRIVILEGE

  • A. Reciprocity
  • B. Privilege and Inequality
  • C. Specific Forms of Privilege, and the Effect of Their Abolition
  • Appendix 11A. Reciprocity and Thick Libertarianism

CHAPTER TWELVE: THE COST PRINCIPLE

CHAPTER THIRTEEN: DISSOLUTION OF THE STATE IN SOCIETY

  • A. Revolution vs. Evolution
  • B. Dialectical Libertarianism and the Order of Attack
  • C. The “Free Market” as Hegemonic Ideology
  • D. Gradualism and the “Magic Button”
  • E. “Dissolving the State in the Economy”
  • F. Counter-Institutions
  • G. Counter-Institutions and Counter-Economics
  • H. The Two Economies and the Shifting Correlation of Forces
  • I. Privatizing State Property

CHAPTER FOURTEEN: DECENTRALIZED PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY

  • Introduction: Basic Goals and Values
  • A. Multiple Purpose Production Technology
  • B. The Transition to Decentralized Manufacturing
  • C. Desktop Manufacturing Technology
  • D. Polytechnic
  • E. Eotechnic, Paleotechnic, and Neotechnic
  • F. Decentralized Agriculture
  • G. A Soft Development Path

CHAPTER FIFTEEN: SOCIAL ORGANIZATION OF PRODUCTION: COOPERATIVES AND PEER PRODUCTION

  • Introduction
  • A. Self-Employment: Increased Productive Efficiency
  • B. Cooperatives: Increased Productive Efficiency
  • C. Innovation Under Worker Self-Management
  • D. Social Benefits of Worker Empowerment
  • E. Peer Production
  • F. The Social Economy and the Crisis of Capitalism

CHAPTER SIXTEEN: THE SOCIAL ORGANIZATION OF DISTRIBUTION, EXCHANGE AND SERVICES

  • A. Demand-Pull Distribution
  • B. Local Exchange Systems; Household and Informal Economies
  • C. Certification, Licensing and Trust
  • D. Social Services
  • E. Mutual Aid and the Voluntary Welfare State
  • F. Education
  • G. Healthcare

Bibliography